Who wouldn’t love to live in their dream house? Building a new home is like a life lottery. However, selecting the right and reliable building materials is essential for a long-lasting building. When choosing a TMT bar manufacturer, reputation and experience are key factors to consider while buying steel rebars in bulk. A manufacturer’s track record is a good indicator of their expertise and commitment to delivering superior products. Check the license of the manufacturer to ensure that they abide by the national standards in the manufacturing process. Additionally, consider manufacturers who have received certification and industry recognition, as these demonstrate their adherence to strict quality standards. We are here with our new blog, guiding you on what factors to keep in mind when purchasing TMT bars in bulk, with a focus on the most critical considerations.
Things To Keep In Mind While Buying TMT Bars
You can’t choose any random building material and expect extraordinary accomplishments in construction projects. You should know about the quality and manufacturing process of TMT bars, what certifications are reported it holds, and how reliable the manufacturer is to provide you with quality materials. To help you with this stuff, here we mention some key factors to consider when you are buying the construction materials like TMT bars in bulk.
Consider The Strength And Flexibility Of TMT Bars:
The IS standards recommend using TMT bars with Fe500d grade for earthquake-prone areas. The Fe500d grade TMT bars possess an ultimate tensile strength of 565N/mm. They only have a maximum of 0.25% carbon, phosphorous, and sulphur. Thus, they are capable of bearing sudden loads during earthquakes or floods. If you are looking for a perfect blend of strength and flexibility for your dream house, you should select the Fe 500d grade TMT bars. Moreover, based on IS standard recommendations, this category can be used for almost every construction project and is considered the best in the market.
Also, if you dream about building contemporary-looking and graceful architecture, you should consider this factor supremely. In the new age construction, we can expect lots of bending and re-bending of TMT bars. If the TMT bars are not flexible, they will not withstand stronger shockwaves. So what should you choose?
Some of the best quality TMT rebars with FE500 grade are expected to have about 660 N/mm tensile strength. The tensile strength and flexibility of TMT bars go hand in hand. Using the TMT bars with 660 N/mm2 tensile strength increases the resistance of Steel and prevents forming of any cracks in the bars. If any stress develops during a severe earthquake, it is distributed along the bar and causes it to elongate. This phenomenon prevents the crumbling of the building. Thus, some of the top TMT bar Manufacturers recommend TMT bars with higher tensile strength as they avoid the failure of your construction project!
Understand The Manufacturing Process Impacting The Quality Of TMT Rods:
TMT bars undergo a unique manufacturing process called thermal processing. The industrial process of thermal processing involves compression, rolling through heat treatment, and quenching.
During the quenching process, TMT bar manufacturers cool the steel bars after they have heated them at a critical temperature. The heated materials are immersed in a fluid such as water, oil, or air. This process quickly lowers the surface’s temperature, whereas the inner portions of the materials remain hotter. The quenching process is carried out in a controlled environment, where the unique water system cools only the surface of the TMT rod, and the inner portion remains hotter. Just after the quenching process, the surface turns into hard martensite; this is why the TMT bars can withstand higher pressure and stress.
During the self-tempering, the inner residual temperature after the quenching process is left to cool down at its own pace. The residual temperature is used to reheat the material throughout for everyday cooling.
Why is the core expected to stay softer for a longer time? It improves the bar’s tensile strength and flexibility! During the quenching process, the bar’s core is allowed to cool at its own pace, allowing the centre to remain soft and austenitic. This enables the bar to improve its tensile strength and flexibility. It also allows bars to elongate when put under pressure enabling them to withstand heavy loads and thus useful for large-scale structures such as dams, high-rise buildings, and flyovers.
When the bar is passed through special cooling beds, the bar’s core gets transformed into a ferrite-pearlite crystal structure. The microstructure of the TMT bar enables the builder to construct with fewer bars when compared to ordinary bars and is thus considered a cost-effective option as well.
Due to the peculiar manufacturing process, the TMT bars have a varied structure with a tougher surface- a martensite layer; the intermediate layer is made of martensite and bainite and the ferrite and pearlite core with higher flexibility.
Several TMT bar manufacturers use another manufacturing process called the water-spray process brings in higher tensile strength them. The process helps in manufacturing the rods without any surface defects.
Look For The Certification And Reports Of TMT Bars:
ISI-certified TMT bars assure quality; thus, preferring ISI-certified TMT bars is essential for a successful construction project. IS: 1786 demands properties of TMT bars to meet their regulations. For instance, IS 1786 demands a Fe 500 grade TMT bar to exhibit a tensile strength of about 550-580, a yield stress of about 500-530, and an Elongation percentage of 12.5-18%. Other than these parameters, they are also evaluated across their weight tolerance, bend test, and significant others. Therefore you must choose an ISI-certified TMT bar for your construction project.
Do they provide you with a report saying they have approved chemical and physical tests? The information should contain the approval of qualifying the recommended values regarding the chemical and physical properties of the bars. This further ensures the quality and lifespan of the TMT bars. For instance, the Fe500 bars are expected to meet the following chemical specifications.
Fe500 should contain 0.3% carbon, 0.055% Sulphur, 0.055% phosphorous, and 0.105% sulphur and phosphorous. According to ISI certification, the TMT bars should not contain higher carbon levels than required; only then the TMT bars would exhibit qualities like excellent ductility, higher bendability, higher corrosion resistance, and higher weldability. Likewise, the mechanical properties, such as proof stress percentage, elongation percentage, and other factors, should abide by the regulations imposed by ISI standards. Consider choosing the top TMT bar manufacturers for getting highest quality TMT bars
Check Out The Properties For Better Performance:
When you carefully analyze the mechanical properties of the TMT bars, you can ensure the highest safety and success for your construction project; therefore, take time to explore the following mechanical properties. You may also make a list out of these and check it once done.
The advanced manufacturing process by the best TMT bar companies keeps the core softer and stricter exterior. This varied texture of the bars enables them to bend around the mandrels and be used for sophisticated architecture. Therefore bendability is considered the prime advantage of TMT bars in constructing contemporary designs.
When you are purchasing bundles, you should verify the dimension and weight tolerances of the TMT bars. For instance, if the TMT bars are an 8mm bundle, the weight should be between 44.09 to 50.73 kgs.
Many of us are bothered about seismic resistance, significantly since the number of earthquakes and natural disasters is rising across the globe. Building firm and substantial buildings have become necessary for enhanced safety. When the TMT bars are manufactured with uniform ductility, they exhibit superior seismic resistance.
Construction journeys can be pretty challenging and involve a lot of complexity. Taking wise decisions at all times can be overwhelming, and the responsibilities can also be over burdening. However, analyzing beforehand, planning, and doing research can help you far ahead in the decision-making process. Purchasing materials such as TMT bars saves you a lot during construction and protects the project in the long run. The advancement in the manufacturing process of TMT bars has helped the builders construct successful construction projects.